Dr Sally Cawood

Dr Cawood have recently completed her PhD at the Global Development Institute (GDI), University of Manchester, UK. Her PhD research focused on the role of Community-Based Organisations (CBOs) in constructing, monitoring and maintaining water and sanitation infrastructure in Dhaka’s slum settlements, Bangladesh. She is also focused on the extent to which CBOs could up-scale, for the urban poor to demand their rights to basic services, shelter and recognition as entitled urban citizens. During her PhD she was also a Research Associate on three interdisciplinary research projects:

British Academy-Funded ‘Safeguarding the “Last 100 Metres” in Dhaka, Bangladesh and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HflC4_yiVBc

ESPA-Funded EcoPoor Project – ‘Institutions for the Urban Poor’s Access to Ecosystem Services: A Comparison of Green and Blue Structures in Bangladesh and Tanzania’ and,

ESRC-DFID Funded ClimUrb Project – ‘Climate Change and Urban Poverty in Bangladesh’. See our recent publication: Roy, M. Cawood, S. Hordijk, M and Hulme, D. 2016. Urban Poverty and Climate Change: Life in the Slums of Asia, Africa and Latin America. London, Routledge.

She is now working as a Research Fellow, alongside Prof Barbara Evans and colleagues at Leeds, as part of the exciting Climate and Costs in Urban Sanitation (CACTUS) Project. Funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (2017-19), CACTUS will support the development of simple tools which facilitate pre-feasibility and scenario planning for urban managers who want to invest in urban sanitation. The investment will build on an existing body of work to examine costs and benefits of a range of urban sanitation systems under variable climatic conditions. Specifically the investment will develop tools for (a) estimating energy and water use and GHG emissions, (b) estimating social and health costs of climate-related system failures and (c) estimating and optimizing life-time investment and operational costs for sewered and non-sewered networked urban sanitation systems. This will enable city planners to make better-informed decisions about the most cost-effective investments in the face of future climate uncertainty.


  • Research Fellow in Bill and Melinda Gates Funded Climate and Costs in Urban Sanitation (CACTUS)